Orissa, officially spelled Odisha, is a state of India,
located on the South east coast of India, by the Bay
of Bengal. It is the modern name of the ancient kingdom
of Kalinga, which was invaded by the Mauryan Emperor
Ashoka in 261 BCE. The modern state of Orissa was established
on April 1, 1936, as a province in British India and
consisted predominantly of Oriya speakers.April 1 is
therefore celebrated as Utkala Dibasa (foundation day
of Orissa). Cuttack remained the capital of the state
for over eight centuries until April 13, 1948 when Bhubaneswar
was officially declared as the new capital of Orissa,
and still is the present capital of this state.
Orissa is the 9th largest state by area
in India, and the 11th largest by population. Oriya
(officially spelled Odia) is the official and most widely
spoken language, spoken by three quarters of the population.
Orissa has a relatively unindented coastline (about
480 km long) and lacked good ports, except for the deepwater
facility at Paradip, until the recent
launch of the Dhamara Port. The narrow, level coastal
strip, including the Mahanadi river delta supports the
bulk of the population.
|How To Reach ?
Regular flights landing at the only major
airport of the city namely Biju Patnaik Airport
connect it to all the major cities of the country
such as Kolkata, Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai, Vishakhapatnam,
Hyderabad and Raipur.
Rail : There is a good
train network also that connects Kolkata, Puri,
Madras, Delhi, Bombay, Bangalore, Guwahati, Hyderabad,
Tirupati and Trivandrum to Bhubaneswar by express
and super express trains plying to and fro on a
Road : Odisha is well connected
to its neighbouring states through a good road network.
One can visit Odisha during any time
of the year but to experience the best of weather and
natural attractions, October to March.